105th ENGINEER COMBAT BATTALION
|About the 105th|
|Calendar of Events|
The joke in the Army goes "we support a democracy; we aren't one." The U.S. Army chain of command flowed directly from the President down to the private. Everyone was expected to follow orders, but in an intelligent manner rather than blindly like some of the other armies of the time. Initiative was encouraged. Company clerks were known to grab a bazooka and take out an attacking panzer, then go back to their post.
In WWII the Army switched from the square to the triangle system. During WWI a commander would control four units (brigade, regiment, company, etc.) in the field. This was found to be too cumbersome to keep track of, communicate with, and maneuver all the units. So they switched to the triangle structure to ease command and control problems.
This page shows the makeup of a typical engineer squad as well as an army's composition from squad all the way up to army group.
This page shows the rank insignia from private first class up to general.